Chapter 10 First Impression

Facial expressions are important when it comes to communicating with people, though it can be difficult for some people. Before taking the Emotional Intelligence Quiz, I thought I had a pretty good idea of how to read emotions. When I was taking the test, there were a few emotions that were a little difficult to recognize and others that I could recognize right away. I got an 18/20 of the quiz so I am pretty good at reading emotions, but I could still improve as well. The ones that stumped me the most were contempt and compassion. I think I struggle with these emotions because they aren’t as clear as other emotions such as happiness or pain or disgust. I find this Emotional Intelligence Quiz to be credible because it is from an accredited academic university. I liked how the quiz pointed out tell-tale signs of each emotion. For example, to notice someone is experiencing fear you should look for their eyebrows to be up and in, “lower eyelid contracts and upper eyelid raises slightly,” and the corners of their lips are pulled sideways causing the mouth to tighten. I also liked how the quiz compared emotions that were easily confused with each other. Continuing with my previous example, fear is often confused with surprise, however, when expressing surprise our eyes open wider than when we express fear. This quiz was super fun to take and I am happy with my results. I plan use these tips and pointers in my every day life to be able to read peoples’ emotions. This could help me better communicate with people on a daily basis.

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Chapter 3 (Sleep) First Impression

After going through my current sleep habits, it is safe to say that they are pretty healthy, but they could also improve. At the beginning of the school year, I had a big gap between my second and third classes, so I would fit a nap in. This then caused me to be up late at night and have a hard time falling asleep. Now, I try to refrain from taking naps. I preoccupy myself with homework and getting ahead in my classes or going to the gym or hanging out with friends. Because I wake up around 7:30 every morning, I usually try to be in bed and asleep by 11:30. I use the “bedtime” mode on my phone so it notifies me around 10:30 to start unwinding and relaxing. At 11:30 it puts my phone on “Do Not Disturb” to block out notifications so I can get a good sleep. I also use the sleep mode on my Fitbit so it will also tell me to start winding down. Although I’m pretty good about getting a decent amount of sleep, I usually have to take melatonin supplements to actually fall asleep.

Going to bed at 11:30 and waking up around 7:30 seems great because I’d be getting a full 8 hours of sleep. The amount of times I actually follow that is less than ideal. Most of the time I’m up past 11:30 studying or working on assignments or just playing on my phone. I also have a bad habit of setting like 4 alarms in order to be able to hit snooze and feel good about myself.

If I were to make improvements on my sleep habits, I would try to do most of my homework throughout the day so that I wouldn’t worry about it at night. I would also try to start reading at night or doing something other than being on my phone so that my brain can rest and unwind like it’s supposed to.

I think it is important to get a good amount of sleep, but that differs for everyone. For me, I can still function on about 6 hours of sleep. On average, I’d have to say that a healthy amount of sleep for a college student is probably around 7 hours.

Chapter 3 (Drugs) First Impression

Drug addiction is an epidemic that is practically everywhere. Due to it being so widespread, there are many ways to deal with it. One way is the abstinence model where the goal is to completely rid the substance from the body and eliminate the use of the drug. Another way is the harm reduction model, which aims to provide a healthier way to use drugs. The example given by Dr. MacFarlane for this model was to provide clean needles to drug users in replace of dirty needles to reduce the contraction and spread of HIV or Hepatitis.

Sadly, I have dealt with drug addiction in my family and fiends on numerous occasions. Because of this, I personally feel that the abstinence model is way better than the harm reduction model. That’s not saying that the harm reduction model is not useful or impactful at all, it just isn’t AS useful or affective than the abstinence model.

The abstinence model is probably a better choice than the harm reduction model because it is aiming to completely eliminate the use of the drug and rid the body of it. Compare this to the harm reduction model where the drug is still being used, just in a “healthier” way.

If/when a loved one in my life needs help, I will definitely recommend the abstinence model. If my family member chooses to seek help for his/her addiction, I want them to never have to go through it again; I want the toxin to be completely gone.

Spotlight #1

In past years, the idea of divorce was rarely heard of. However, in today’s society, it has become more prevalent than in years past. There is some debate about whether a divorce between a child’s parents does or does not harm the child/children. Due to the fact that divorce wasn’t always a big issue in society, there is very little research that was done about it.

One study mentioned in an article written by Debby Johnson from Texas A&M was conducted over 5 years and came to the conclusion that how a child reacts to a divorce depends on their age. The article states, “One cannot expect a 4-year-old and a 12-year-old to react alike, and yet for many years all children of divorce were categorized and treated alike.” This source basically states that there aren’t major consequences for children generally, it depends on the age of the child/children when the parents get divorce. This source is credible because it is from an accredited academic institution and it provides sources at the end of the article. Another study conducted stated that divorce isn’t the sole deciding factor for how a child reacts. It depends on the relationship between the parents and the child. If they had a good relationship, then the child won’t be negatively affected. But if the child and the parent had a not-so-good relationship, then the child will probably be more negatively affected. This source argues the same point as the first; there’s more than one factor going into the effect of divorce on children.

On the other end of things, a meta-analysis involving 92 studies compared children living in divorce households with single parents to children living in intact families. Across a series of tests, the researchers measured the well-being between the two groups of children. The results found were that children living in divorced, single-parent households generally scored lower than the children living in intact households. This information was obtained from an article written by Amato, Paul R., Keith, Bruce. I find this source credible because it lists information from other studies as well as cited sources. It was also published by the APA which is an accredited association. Another stance is from an article titled The Long Reach of Divorce: Divorce and Child Well-Being Across Generations by Paul R. Amato and Jacob Cheadle. I find this article credible because it was published in a journal by the Department of Sociology at The Pennsylvania State University. In this article, they state that from their research as well as other studies, “divorce has consequences for subsequent generations, including individuals who were not yet born at the time of the original divorce.

Personally, my parents got divorced when I was 6 years old and when my sister was 4 years old. We both turned out fine (so to speak). Overall, with the information from my sources and my personal experiences, I’m gonna say that there are too many factors that determine how divorce affects children in the long run.

Sources:

Chapter 2 First Impression

There were many choices of TED Talks to watch. I decided to watch the one titled, Toward a New Understanding of Mental Illness by Thomas Insel. This one really stuck out to me because I personally struggle with mental illness and it is a very important topic to me.

In the beginning, Thomas Insel starts with what he calls the “good news.” He compares how Leukemia, Heart Disease, AIDS, and Stroke cases have significantly decreased from between 1965-1995 and 2009-2012. The most important thing that has lead to the decreased in mortality with these cases is being able to detect it early and intervene early. Insel states, “Early detection, early intervention, that’s the story of these successes.”

On the not-so-good-news side, suicide cases have not changed in the same time span. Today, there are about 38,000 suicides per year in America. This is equal to about one person committing suicide every 15 minutes. Suicide is the third most common death of people between the ages of 15-25, twice as common as homicide, and more common than traffic deaths.

Insel talks about how there is a medical factor that affects the rate of suicide: mental illness. He displays a graph that shows that roughly 30% of all disability from medical causes can be attributed to mental disorders. Now people may argue that cancer or heart disease seems more serious than mental disorders, however, they are further down the list because of the amount of disability they cause.

There are 3 reasons that Insel gives that explain why mental illnesses are more debilitating than cancer or heart disease:

  1. Common: About 1 in 5 will suffer from a mental disorder.
  2. Disabling: About 1 in 20 people will become disabled from a mental disorder.
  3. Early Onset: About 50% will have a mental disorder by age 14, and 75% will by age 24.

No matter how you think about mental illnesses or suicide, whether it’s the brain, the neurons, or the synapses, we are just beginning to truly understand the “epidemic” that is suicide.

Chapter 4 First Impression

types of parenting

Tiger parents take an authoritarian approach to parenting. There are two different types. Some parents are authoritative “directive,” which means they push and direct their children. On the other end of the spectrum is authoritative “protective.” This is where the parents hover over their children and micromanage every detail of their lives. No matter the type, tiger parents take over their children’s self-motivation or internal control.

Jellyfish parents are more permissive parents. They don’t really care about too many aspects of their children’s lives. They usually have little to no rules, expectations, and basically just spoil their children. Children raise by jellyfish parents tend to grow up with little to no impulse control.

Dolphin parents are the combination of tiger parenting and jellyfish parenting. By nature, they are authoritative. They have rules and expectations, like the tiger parents, but they also value their children’s creativity and independence. They collaborate with their children and guide them rather than tell them what to do or not do anything at all.

By comparing these different types of parenting, I would say that dolphin parenting is the best way to go.

Introduction

Hi! My name is Olivia Hanlon. I am from Hanover, Pennsylvania. If you don’t know where that is (because not many people do), it’s about 15 minutes north of Gettysburg (civil war). We’re also famous for Snyder’s Pretzels and UTZs chips. I am approaching this course with some previous knowledge from taking AP Psych in the fall semester last year. I didn’t really “choose” to take this class but I’m glad I’m taking it because it interests me even though it has nothing to do with my major. Some previous background comes from the AP Psych course I took last year and also being diagnose with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). When I hear the word “psychology,” the first thing that comes to mind is probably psychiatrist and psychologists. The three topics I think look the most interesting are “Classifying Mental Illness”, “Mood Disorders & Anxiety”, and “Psychotic, Traumatic, & Personality Disorders” because I have a mental illness and it is what really interested me in AP Psych. The three topics that look the least interesting are “Classical Conditioning”, “Operant Conditioning”, and “Observational Learning” because I never really liked learning about them in high school. The one question I want to answer by the end of this class is, “what causes depression and how can I make life easier for myself?”